Tiruvalla - Thiruvalla
Tiruvalla (previously spelled Thiruvalla) (Malayalam: തിരുവല്ല), is a town and a Taluk headquarters located in Pathanamthitta district in the State of Kerala in South India. This is the largest and the most developed town in the district.
The city has a tropical climate with a temperatures ranging from highs of 34.4 °C in the summer to a low of 18.5 °C in the winter with a healthy rainfall of 3040 mm.
Tiruvalla is well connected to the rest of India by Road and Rail. Main Central Road (SH 1) and Kollam - Theni Highway (NH 220) passes through Tiruvalla. Tiruvalla (TRVL), the only railway station in Pathanamthitta District, provides convenient rail connections to main cities in Kerala as well as the rest of India.
The nearest airport is Trivandrum International Airport (TRV). The national carrier AIR INDIA has a reservation office in Tiruvalla.
The city spans a geographic area of 27.94 km² with a population of 56,828 as of 2001 India census,. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. In Thiruvalla, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Tiruvalla is on the western border of Pathanamthitta District. The municipal town limits are Thirumoolapuram, Kattod, Kuttapuzha and Manipuzha. Formerly, some areas of present Changanacherry were parts of Tiruvalla taluk. Now the boundaries of the taluk are Varattar Bridge on the south, Lappalam on the north, Pullad on the east and Neerattupuram in west situates in Alappuzha district. Pullad is the last point of Thiruvalla area & it falls in the Koipuram panchayath.
Thiruvalla is the meeting point of M C Road (Main Central Road/SH-01) and T. K. Road (Thiruvalla-Pathanamthitta-Kumbazha Road/SH-07) and links the eastern parts of the district with western rice bowl 'Kuttanad'. The Thiruvalla - Kayamkulam road is the most used link between the National Highway and the M C road. Thiruvalla also connects to NH-47 through the Thakazhi - Ambalappuzha Link.
The nearest major port is in Kochi, nearest airport is in Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram at a distance of approximately 125 kilometres north and south respectively. The newly proposed Aranmula airport would only be about 18 kilometres away. The closest sea port, a minor one, is about 30 km away at Alappuzha. The district's only railway station, (Class A categorised) with an annual revenue of over Rs.15 crores (2010), is in Thiruvalla on the Ernakulam to Thiruvananthapuram/Cape Comorin rail route via Kottayam.
There is plenty of evidence to suggest that the area had been inhabited since 500 BCE although an organized settlement was founded sometime around 800 CE. It is one of the 64 ancient brahmana graamams (ബ്രാഹ്മണഗ്രാമം). The present day areas of Niranam, and Kadapra on the western part of Thiruvalla were submerged under the sea before then.
It is interesting to note that the name Tiruvalla comes from the word "Thiru Valla Vazh", named after the river Manimala which was known as Valla puzha, suggesting that Tiruvalla was the mouth of river Manimala and hence was known as Valla vai(vai in old malayalam means mouth of river).Because of this Sri Vallabha temple was called "Thiru Vallavayappan" which later reformed as "Sri Vallabhan" Thiru Vallabha temple, considering that the deity is God Vishnu. This temple is one among the one hundred and eight vaishnava thirupathis in India. On the western part of Thiruvalla, the rivers Pampa, Manimala and Achen Kovil join for a panoramic view. As in many other places in India, the culture and heritage of Tiruvalla are tied to its temples. Historical evidence such as copper plates and proclamations point to Tiruvalla as a flourishing and major center of spiritual and educational prominence in 1100CE. The Sree Vallaba Temple governed a Vedic School with one thousand students and one hundred teachers. The temple also maintained a hospital in the service for the public at large. Entry for women was restricted to only once a year till the late sixties in the temple. The rulers of Thiruvalla belonged to the Thekkumkoor Dynasty, which had one of its headquarters at Idathil near Kaavil Temple. Idathil was the family name of Thekkumkoor kings. Today's Paliakara Palace is a branch of Lakshmipuram Palace of Changanacherry, which is a branch of Alikottu Kovilakam of Pazhancherry in Malabar. Similarly, Nedumpuram Palace is a branch of Mavelikkara Palace is an heir to the Kolathiri tradition of Udayamangalam. The Thekkumkoor kings lost their control in the course of time and Vilakkili (വിലക്കിലി) Nampoothiris were rulers in 1752-53 when Anizham Thirunaal Marthanda Varma, the king of Travancore, seized it in a bloody battle in which the ruler was killed, though some dispute it, saying the surrender was peaceful as the Namboothiri was not naive to challenge the mighty army of Ramayyan, the shrewd and sadistic Dalava (ദളവ)- head of administration and advisor - of Travancore. Ruins of Vilakkili illam can be seen on the side of Kavmbhagom-Muthoor road.
The Kaavil market (which is no longer in existence) was once one of the most famous markets of Kerala where there were even foreign trade links. Even now the houses in this street are known as "Kaavil" among their friends and relatives and the houses in the now Pushpagiri-Tholassery area as "Malayil" because they are in an elevated area compared to Kaavil. The Kaavil market was actually situated in the street starting from Erankavu Temple to the Kaavil temple in the present Kavumbhagom. It was also the first settlement area of early Christians of Tiruvalla. We can see quotes about this then famous street and its people in the renowned Poem " Unnuneeli Sandesham". This was the heartplace of Thiruvalla up to the 19th Century (East to M C road was forest area. Dens were found in the KSRTC garage area, which are now buried).The first school in Tiruvalla started somewhere in mid 19th century in Kaavil market, in the road to Pallippalam. Still all the major religious processions are required to pass through this way only, in spite of the new roads constructed parallelly.
Thiruvalla Christians were part of the autonomous Indian Orthodox Church, which was not affected by the schism which occurred in the 17th century due to the intervention of Portuguese colonists (Introduction of Catholicism in India). By 19th century, inspired by the work of the British missionaries, a reformation movement happened which eventually resulted in a schism, leading to the formation of Marthoma Church.
Thiruvalla was never under direct British rule and before India's independence from Britain, it was governed by the Travancore dynasty. The Thiruvalla municipality started functioning in 1919, with Shri M.K. Kesavan Nair as the first Chairman of the Municipal Council. The constitution was officially approved on 8 October 1920. The municipal office has established several public health facilities, libraries and sports facilities.
The town is connected to all major South Indian cities by a fleet of private bus operations.
A number of big and small hospitals, including Pushpagiri Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, a private multi super speciality health centre, operate here. Thiruvalla has a high literacy rate of above 90%. Thiruvalla Taluk is considered as having the maximum number of university graduates in all over India. High importance is given to quality education. This was also helped by the advent of Christian missionaries and the many schools started by them around the area with the active promotion of education by the Royal Family of Travancore, and the Communist government of 1969.
The Mar Thoma Church and the Evangelical Church and the Indian Pentecostal Church of God (IPC) have their headquarters in and around Thiruvalla. The headquarters of the Orthodox Church Niranam Diocese and Syro Malankara Catholic Thiruvalla Archdiocese are also in Thiruvalla. The famous Niranam, Paliakkara, Kallooppara Valiyapalli and Parumala churches are important tourist destinations.
The famed pilgrim centre of Sabarimala is only about 100 km from Tiruvalla and the nearest railway/bus terminal to Sabarimala is in Tiruvalla. [Parumala|Parumala Church], one of the famous Christian pilgrimage centres is about 10 km from the town. The spiritual conventions at Eraviperoor, Othera, Kumbanad, Maramon, and Ayroor-Cherukolpuzha are all located east of Tiruvalla
The current Chairperson of the Municipality is Ms.Linda Jacob.
Thiruvalla assembly constituency is part of the newly formed Pathanamthitta (Lok Sabha constituency).
Legends and myths
Tiruvalla has a lot of myths in the Hindu background. Most of them are surrounding the Sree Vallabha temple. According to the legend, Sree Vallabha had 3 sisters who are Bhagavathies of the nearby temples, namely Alanthuruthy, Padappad and Kaavil. The complex and interesting rituals that are made in the Kaavil street and in Sree Vallabha temple are centuries old and have a lot of legends in their background.
The topography of Thiruvalla comprises plains, paddy fields, and small ranges. The major crops grown are rice, tapioca, coconuts, rubber, plantains, sugarcane and a variety of vegetables.
Major Educational institutions in and around Thiruvalla
College of Engineering Kaloopara (Managed By IHRD)
Marthoma College, Kuttapuzha
MACFAST - Mar Athanasios College for Advanced Studies Tiruvalla
Pushpagiri Medical College Hospital
College of Medicine
College of Dental Sciences
College of Pharmacy
College of Nursing
School of Nursing
School of Multi-purpose Health Workers
School of Medical Lab Technology
Centre for Regenerative Medicine
Pamba DB College, Parumala
St Aloysius College, Edathua
Mar Thoma Academy, Near TMM Hospital
MGM Higher Secondary School (Estd:1902), Market Jn
DB Higher Secondary School, Kavumbhagom
St Mary's Residential Central School, Paliakkara
SCS Higher Secondary School, Thiruvalla
Balikamadom Girls Higher Secondary School, Tirumoolapuram
Syrian Jacobite Public School, Varikkad
Marthoma Residential School, Kuttapuzha
Seventh Day Adventist Hr Secondary School, Kuttapuzha
St. Thomas Higher Secondary School, Thirumoolapuram
Prince Marthanda Varma Higher Secondary School, Peringara
NSS High School, Muthoor Jn
Nicholson Syrian Girls High School, Meenthalakara
CMS High School, Thiruvalla
SNVS High School, Tirumoolapuram
Government Girls High School, Thiruvalla
Believers Church Residential School, Kuttapuzha
Christ Central School, Muthoor Jn
Sankaramangalam Public School, Kaviyoor Thiruvalla
Sanakaramangalam B.Ed Training College, Kaviyoor , Thiruvalla
Balabhavan LP School, Manipuzha, Tiruvalla
Sree Sankara Vidyapeedom, Peringol, Tiruvalla
Govt. LP School,Kavumbhagom, Tiruvalla
Amrita Vidyalayam, Thukalassery, Tiruvalla
Major health institutions in & around Thiruvalla
Pushpagiri Medical College
Government Taluk Hospital
Tiruvalla Medical Mission Hospital- College Road
GK Hospital- Kavumbhagom & Kozhencherry Road (O.P Div.)
Aswathibhavan Chikitsa Nilayam- College Road
[Sudarshanam Netra Chikitsalayam- Meenthalakkara
Famous Personalities from the Taluk
H H Baselios Marthoma Didymos I, Catholicos of India and All the East
C.P. Mathen (1890–1960) Pioneer Banker and founder of the Quilon Bank, Member of Parliament from Mavelikara Constituency to the first Lok Sabha(1952), ,Indian Ambassador to the Sudan -1957
Kandathil Varghese Mappillai, Founder "Malayala Manorama"
Kandathil K M Mammen Mappilai, nephew of K V Mappillai
Raghavan Nambiar, Villuvarvattathu, Veteran poet. He suggested the name "Malayala Manorama" for the famous daily.
Fr Iype Thoma Kovoor-Pioneer of Marthoma Church in Thiruvalla
E M Kovoor, Jurist, Famous writer and novelist.
Vishnu Narayanan Namboothiri, Veteran poet.
P. Unnikrishnan Nair, Niranasseril, Historian
Kochu Kunju Vaidian, MLC, Sri Moolam Praja Sabha, Ex-counsellor, Thiruvalla Municipality, Founder SNV Sanskrit School
P C Thomas, MLA 1980-82 JNP & 1982-87 IND
E John Jacob, MLA 1965-1979, Kerala Congress, Former Agriculture Minister of Kerala
G Padmanabhan Thampi, MLA 1957-1960, Communist Party of India
P Chacko, MLA 1947 (Kallooppara Constituency) 1954 and 1960–1965, (Tiruvalla Constituency) Indian National Congress, Member Member Moral Rearmament (MRA) led by Rajmohan Gandhi and member AICC, Orator, a passionate teacher High School Headmaster, dedicated his life for the upliftment of the downtrodden, a social reformer
Adv Mammen Mathai Former MLA
Adv Mathew T. Thomas, MLA 2006–present & 1987-1991, Janata Dal, Former Transport Minister of Kerala (2006–2009)
Dr Alexander Karackal, Former Pro Vice Chancellor of Kannur University & former Sabha Secretary of The Indian Orthodox Church
Olympian Pappan, Famous football player represented Indian team in Rome (1960)
C K Ra, Famous Artist
B G Varghese, Columnist and Senior Journalist
Abu Abraham, Famous Cartoonist
Kakkanadan , Novelist & writer
Abraham Kovoor, Famous Hypnotherapist & Rationalist
Late M G Soman, Movie Actor
Nadiya Moythu, Movie Actress
Meera Jasmine, Movie Actress
Nayan Taara, Movie Actress
Kaveri, Movie Actress
Kaviyoor Ponnamma, Movie Actress
Aswathi Kurup (Paarvathi), (actor jayaram's wife)Madathil, Kaviyoor, Movie Actress
Shobhana - National Award Winner(Manichithrathazhu), Narayana Mangalam, Madathil, Kaviyoor
Shalini, Movie Actress
Shamili, Movie Actress
K G George, Film Director
Blessy, Film Director
Late John Abraham, Movie Director
Babu Thiruvalla, Film Producer, Director.
Attractions at Thiruvalla
Shri Vallabha Maha Kshetram: (alternatively, The Thiruvalla Temple), One of the 102 divine Vishnu deshas in India. The Flagpost of the Thiru Vallabha Temple carved out from a single rock with a Garudan at the top, created by the legendary "Perumthachan".
Dharma Shasta Temple Meenthalakkara
Niranam church: Holds a good museum.
Parumala Church: Burial place of St.Gregorios, the first proclaimed Saint from India.
Paliakkara Church: First church of Tiruvalla. It attracts many tourists because of the marvellous murals on the eastern wall of its altar. Also thousands regardless of religion come and pray for the intercession of St. George here.
Nearest city to the Chakkulathu kavu Bhagavathi Temple.
Kaviyoor Hanuman Temple
Kaviyoor Thrikkalkudi (തൃക്കല്ക്കുടി )Cave Temple
Club 7: (Shopping Mall in Kerala with a Three Star Hotel - A Sky Group Venture)
Deepa Tower (Shopping Mall with Multiplex theatre)
Metal Casting Centres, Mannar
St. Johns Cathdral Church, Tiruvalla
"Kadalimagalam Padayani" one of the great folk-performing art with all its traditional forms conducted in the kadalimangalam Devi Temple during march/April months every year. The ten days festival is condcted by the people of two local 'kara'namely Eruvellipara and venupala. The rare and great padayani Koolam namely 'KALAYAKSHI' is performed at here.it's right of two families namely Mukkanjirathu and Pullenplavil of the two 'karas to perform this 'KALAYAKSHI KOOLAM'.
St. Mary’s Orthodox Church, Kallooppara- situated on the banks of the river Manimala is one of the oldest and renowned churches of Malankara Sabha. The church have a legacy of around seven centuries, keeping its tradition and culture intact without compromising on its religious values.
Manjadi Junction 689105
Karackal, Peringara 689108
Alanthuruthy, Azhyadathuchira 689113
Eat Out Joints at Thiruvalla
Hotel Elite Continental
Hotel Abhilash (Cross Jn)
Hotel Aaryaas (Near Old KSRTC Bus Stand)
Hotel Aaryaas Park (Near Deepa Tower)
Hotel Joecees Dhaba (Muthoor)
Rajan De Cafe (@ Vijayalakshmi Silks Ground Floor)
Kaledio @ Club7
Hotel Voyage @ Club7
ChicKing @ Deepa Tower
Baskin Robbins @ Club7
Hotel Heritage (Market Road)
Hotel Green Land (Opposite IDBI Bank)
Spices Arabian Restaurent (TK Road)
Pizza Ten (Near Chilanka Theatre)
Crunchy Chicken (Ramanchira)
Thomson Food Court (Coming soon near Public Staduim)
Hotel Arabian (Coming soon at Cross Junction)
Source : Wikipedia.org