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Paravoor - North Paravur - വടക്കന്‍ പറവൂര്‍
India

North Paravur (വടക്കന്‍ പറവൂര്‍ ), also Paravur, Paravoor) formerly known as Parur is a town, municipality in Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is an old and growing municipality. Paravur is the capital of Paravur Taluk in Ernakulam district. Though considered a part of Kochi for all practical purposes, the town is 17 km away from Edappally in city of Kochi. The ancient seaport of India Muziris is located in Pattanam village 3 km away from town.[1]. North Paravur is a part of Kochi metropolitan area.

Overview

The coastal highway NH-17 Ernakulam - MangloreMumbai (Proposed NH-66 Panvel-Kanyakumari) passes through this town. The National Waterway - 3 Kollam - Ernakulam - Kottapuram passes through the western end of the taluk. North Paravur is considered as the gateway to Cherai beach which is 6 km away from Paravur town.

This town had been an old trading post and has a Jewish synagogue and had a thriving Jewish community before their resettlement inIsrael after its establishment. Cochin Jews lived in the towns of KochiErnakulam and North Paravur.

The various denominations of modern Saint Thomas Christians ascribe their unwritten tradition to the end of the 2nd century and believe that Thomas landed at Maliankara near Moothakunnam village in Paravur Taluk in AD 52.In AD 52 (St. Thomas) founded the churches popularly known as 'Ezharappallikal'. These churches are at KodungallurKottakkaavu North Paravur, KollamNiranamNilackal (Chayal), KokkamangalamPalayoor (Chattukulangara) and Thiruvithamkode — the half church.

[edit]History

Paravur is one of the 64 villages built by Parashurama. Paravur was under the administration of Paravur king. Paravur king was joined hands with Kochi and was under the country of Kochi, but later Paravur was transferred to the Travancore area as part of an agreement. The taluk was divided in to Paravur and Alengad. Alengad comprised most parts of present dayAluva taluk. Muziris in Pattanam was the centre of Indian spice trade for many centuries, and was known to the Yavanas (Greeks) as well as Romans, Jews, Arabs, and Chinese since ancient times. Kochi rose to significance as a trading centre after the port at Muziris destroyed by massive flooding of the river Periyar in 1341.

Chendamangalam a historical place is also in Paravur. Chendamangalam was the place of Paliath Achans who was the minister of Kochi kings. There is a palace of paliath family in Chendamangalam. Chavara monastery was in Koonamav. North Paravur municipality is one among the former municipalities in Ernakulam District. Today it is a populated resedential town in Ernakulam district.

[edit]Geography

Paravur is located at 8.78° N 76.7° E[1]. It has an average elevation of 10 metres (32 feet). The town is situated at north end of Ernakulam district and bordering with Thrissur district. The towns in Thrissur district like KodungalloreMalaChalakudy and the towns KalamasseryAluvaAngamalyVypin island are located near to this town. The Paravur Taluk lies in the flat delta region of the Periyar river and cut by several canals, which have resulted in the formation of many islands. The Kodungalloor Kayal (backwaters) and Varappuzha Kayal (backwaters) are in this taluk.

The western parts of taluk are coastal areas with cultivations like prawn and pokkali rice. The eastern parts are fertile lands.

[edit]Economy

Paravur was once famous in the district for its traditional industries like coir, handlooms and agriculture. Now it's changing to a major residential suburb of Cochin where people looking jobs in city. The Eloor-Edayar industrial belt is in Paravur Taluk.

Civic administration

North Paravur is the headquarters of Paravur Taluk and ParavurKalamassery State Assembly constituencies. North Paravur and Eloor are Municipalities in Paravur Taluk.The Grama Panchayats in ParavurTaluk are AlengadChendamangalamChittatukaraEzhikkaraKadungalloorKarumaloreKottuvallyKunnukaraPuthanvelikkaraVadakkekaraAnd Varappuzha. The Block Panchayats are Paravur and Alengad.

ParavurKalamassery Assembly constituencies belong to Ernakulam (Lok Sabha constituency)constituency represented by K.V.Thomas.[2] North Paravur is the seat of Ernakulam Additional District court. Other courts are Munsif, Magistrate. There is Sales Tax, Supplies, Sub Treasury offices in Paravur. Paravur civil station is located in Kacheri compound.

[edit]Police Stations in taluk areaParavur Circle

Paravur Station, Varapuzha Station

Vadekkekara Circle

Vadakkekara Station, Puthenvelikkara Station

Eloor area

Binanipuram Station,Eloor Station

Alengad StationFire Service

Paravur Fire Station, FACT Eloor

[edit]Transport

KL-42 is the RTO code for Paravur TalukVypin and North Paravur. Paravur JRTO is situated at Perumbadana. There is a KSRTC Subdepot, Private Limited Stop bus stand and a Private bus stand in the town conducting services to all important places of Kerala. There is frequent bus services to Ernakulam, Aluva, Kodungallore, Guruvayur, Thrissur etc. from here. There is also night services from & towards KottayamPala, Hilly areas of Kannur and Kasaragod districtsWayanad operated by private buses. The nearest railway station is Aluva 16 km away. The Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery is only 21 km away from the town. There is frequent boats and ferry services in the near by rivers and lagoons.

[edit]Important roadsParur-Aluva roadParur-NedumbasseryAirport roadParur-Kodungalloor roadParur-Edappally roadParur-Cherai beach roadParur-Kunjithai roadParur-Chatanad road (Proposed Ernakulam route via Kadamakkudy, Pizhla, Moolampilly - Mulavukad Container terminal NHParur-Kalamassery road via ThattapillyKongorpillyPathalamParur-Mala road via ChennamangalamValiyapazhambillythuruthPuthanvelikkaraferry roadParur-Gothuruth roadParur-KottuvallySouth roadMoothakunnam-Maliankara-Munambam roadKoonamav-Aluva road via Kadungallor, Alengad and PanayikulamThuruthipuram-Kurumassery roadMala-Kanakkankadav-Manjaly roadKadungallur-Eloor-Edappally road

An art form called Chavittu Natakam is popular in Gothuruth. Every year boat races are organised in different parts of Paravur and major one is North Paravur boat race. Paravur is famous for tug of wars. Volley ball is apopular game in Paravur. There is a municipal stadium in Paravur and FACT ground in Eloor. Plans are there to built a swimming pond in taluk. There is a municipal park in Pullamkulam, near to Peruvaram which is well maintained.

[edit]Demographics

As of 2001 India census[3]Paravur had a population of 30,056. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Paravur has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 84%. In Paravur, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The majority of residents of North Paravur, are Malayalis; however, there are significant ethnic minority communities including Tamils, Konkanis, and Tuluvas.

[edit]Agriculture
Pokkali Cyclic Paddy Cultivation Method was widely used

North Paravur historically practiced the Pokkali Cyclic Paddy Cultivation Method. After the harvest, the decaying stubbles of the paddy serve as food for theprawns and likewise the prawn excreta make the field fertile. No pesticides or fertilizers are used in the fields, in contrast to other prevalent farming practices.

As in other areas of Kerala, paddy fields are widely being reclaimed in North Paravur. Once there were acres of fine wet paddy fields. Pokkali paddy-cum-prawn farming (cyclic farming method) was the traditional practice for farming. This farming method may be one of the most eco-friendly of all farming practices in the world. But once the paddy fields fell into neglect, they became infertile for many years. Eventually those infertile fields were reclaimed and sold for huge profits.

[edit]Education

Education Institutions

Professional colleges

Sree Narayana Medical College, Chalaka,'North Paravur' SNIMS PortalSNMIMT Engineering college, Maliankara'North Paravur' ,SNMIMT PortalMatha College of Technology,Manakkapady 'North Paravur',Holymatha PortalSNGIST Professional College, Manjaly,'North Paravur' SNGIST PortalHolymatha College of engineering,Manakkapady, 'N.Paravur'

Colleges

SNM College, Maliankara,'North Paravur' (Aided)Kesari Arts & Science College,Kesari road,(NH)'North Paravur'MES College, Kunnukara,'North Paravur'Sree Narayana Arts & Science College, Kedamangalam, 'North Paravur'Presentation college, Puthanvelikara,'North Paravur' Presentation college portalIHRD College,, Puthanvelikara,'North Paravur'Mar Gregorious Arts & Science College, 'North Paravur'CAPE College(Proposed),'North Paravur'Lakshmi College 'North Paravur',parallel college with more than three thousand students.

Teaching

SNM Training College, Moothakunnam 'North Paravur'(Aided) SNM Training College PortalSNM TTI,Moothakunnam,'North Paravur'HDPY B.Ed College, Mattupuram,'North Paravur'

ITC

SNM ITC Moothakunnam, 'North Paravur'Chavara ITC Koonamavu,

Nursing

Donbosco, Fort road, 'North Paravur'

Major Schools CBSE

Infant Jesus Senior Secondary School,Kurumthottiparamb,'North Paravur'Holy India Group,(town)& Kaitharam, 'North Paravur'. HI PortalAdarsha Vidya Bhavan Senior Secondary School, Nanthiyaattkunnam, North ParavurMES Central School,KunnukaraMES Central School,EloorToc-H School,EloorLittle Hearts, Kizhkepram,ParavurHDPY MoothakunnamNSS PuthenvelikkaraAlengad JamathKadungallur school

State Schools come under Paravur Sub-educational district Higher Secondary

Paravur Govt. Boys, Govt. Girls HSS, Muncipal Jn.,North ParavurParavur SN HSS Pullamkulam,North ParavurParavur SNV Sanskrit HSS, Nanthiatukunnam,North ParavurSNM HSS, MoothakunnamKottuvalikkad HSS,MaliankaraVCS HSS, PuthenvelikkaraPaliyam Govt. HSS, ChenamangalamGovt. HSS, EzhikkaraGovt Vocational HSS Kaitharam,KottuvallyGovt. HSS, KongorpillyHSS KoonamavuSt.Sebastians HSS,Gothuruth

High School

St.Aloysius HS ,Kottakavu NH, ParavurSamooham HS, Republic road, ParavurMaria Theresa Scrilli Public School, T.B.road, North Paravur(Unaided)FMCT HS, KarumalloreElenthikara HSIslamic school, Mannam, Paravur[edit]HospitalsParavur Taluk Government Hospital, Main road, ParavurParavur Taluk Government Ayurveda Hospital, Thoniyakav, ParavurESI Hospital, Pathalam, EloorSree Narayana Medical College, Chalaka,'Paravur'Donbosco Hospital, NH, Paravur (Kottapuram Diocese)Paravur Government Homeo Hospital, Peruvaram, ParavurKMK Hospital,NH, ParavurSanthiHospital, Canal road, ParavurChaitanya Nursing Home[edit]Religious

The reason for so many temples in the region is attributed to the influence of Travancore State and Cochin State rulers who ruled North Paravur for many years. Also at different points in history, Karnataka brahmins, Tamil Brahmins and GSB Brahmins came to this town, settled here and constructed temples for themselves and for their workers who spoke same or similar languages.

Major Temples in the taluk

Mookambika Saraswathi Temple,Paravur- One of the most important Saraswathy temples in KeralaPeruvaram Mahadeva Temple,Paravur.Kalikulangara Temple,Nanthiattukunam,Paravur: Famous for Thendu. Administerd by Sivagiri Trust.Veluthattamma Temple,Kedamangalam,Paravur(Famous for a ritual called Muttu to predict uncertainties related to marriage, career etc.).Kannankulangara Sreekrishna Temple,Paravur.Sree Sankaranarayana Temple ,MoothakunnamThiravallur Shiva Temple,Alangad,Paravur.Uliyannur temple, Built by Perunthachan,Uliyanur,KadungallurSree Venugopalaswami temple, Chennamangalam.Ayyappa Temple ,Kottakkakam, Temple of Paravur KingKadungallur Narasimhaswami TempleKottuvallikavu temple,Valluvally, ParavurThonniakavu Bhadrakali Temple,Paravur.Subramanya Swami Temple ,Mannam,Paravur.Markandeya Temple ( one of the few Shiva temples dedicated to chiranjeevi Markandeya).Malavana Siva Temple,Elenthikara,Paravur. (at the end of Chalakudy river)Thirumuppam Siva temple,Varapuzha,ParavurChendamangalam Siva templeNeeleeswarm Siva Temple, PattanamThrikkapuram Devi Temple , Thrikkapuram Jn. Kottuvally,ParavurPazhanghat Sri Kaleeswari Temple, Pazhangattuveli, kaitharam, N Paravoor

Churches

Major churches in taluk

Paravur Kottakavu Church (built by St.Thomas)Alengad Kunnel ChurchGothuruth St.Sebastians ChurchChettikad churchKoonamavu churchVarapuzha ChurchParavur DonBosco ChurchParavur St.Thomas Jacobite Syrian Church(Tomb of St.Gregorios of Jerusalem)St.Louis Church, Thurut

Mosques

Paravur Juma MasjidParavur Pattalam Juma MasjidManjaly Juma MasjidKattenellure Munavarsha Thangal MasjidKadungallur Juma MasjidEloor Juma Masjid

Important Fairs and Festivals

Paravur Mookambika Navarathri festivalKalikulangara valiyavilka festMoothakunam temple fest

Ambadi Balasevakendram, Thrikkapuram, kottuvally PO. North Paravoor

[edit]Places of interest in talukPeriyar branch: Paravur riverChinese fishing nets in lagoonsPattanamMuziris tourism circuitKottayil KovilakomChendamangalamVypeekotta SeminaryMouth of Chalakudy RiverVarappuzha Lagoon and bridgeNorth Paravur townAmbadi Balasevakendram[edit]Media in Paravur taluk

All Major Malayalam newspapers have bureaux in Paravur, Varapuzha or Eloor. Paravur press club is situated at alinchuvad N.Paravur. Local television stations in Paravur includesParavur Cable Vision(Chakumassery) & Kerala Vision Manjumel, Asianet Cable Vision(Pottenstreet), LG Vision Manjaly, City Channel(Perumbadana&Cherai).

[edit]Localities in Paravur

These are the localities or wards in Paravur Municipality Perumbadana, Kedamangalam, Nanthiattukunnam, Peruvaram, Vazhikulangara, Kizhkepram, Vedimara, Pullamkulam, Vaniyakkad, Nandikulangara, Paravoothara, Pallamthuruth, Mattumal, Poosaripady, Market. Town:KMK Jn|Potten street, Mookambi, Municipal, Kacheripady|Court, Chendamangalam Jn, Thekkenaluvazhi, Thoniyakav, Kurunthotiparamb, Kannankulangara, Pvt. Busstand(Old boatjetty), Firestation, Kesari.

[edit]Nearby Towns and CitiesThis section is empty. You can help by adding to it.[edit]CitiesErnakulam (29 km South)Thrissur (51 km North East)Alapuzha (92 km South)Kottayam (104 km South East)Palakkad (120 km North East)Kozhikode (176 km North)[edit]TownsKodungallur(13 km North)Mala (15 km North)Aluva (16 km East)Angamaly (22 km North East)Irinjalakuda(29 km North East)Perumbavoor (31 km East)Chalakudy (33 km North East)Kothamangalam(50 km East)Moovattupuzha(51 km South East)Guruvayoor (54 km North)Piravom(50 km South East)[edit]See alsoParavur TalukErnakulamErnakulam DistrictKochiMore >>Source Wikipedia.org

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Occupation/Relation: Kerala Village
Affiliation: Ernakulam, Kerala
Location: Ernakulam
Profile : North Paravur വടക്കന്‍&nbs p;പറവൂര്‍ formerly known as Parur is a town, municipality in Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is an old and growing municipality. Paravur is the capital of Paravur Taluk in Ernakulam.. more
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