Kerala Sahithyam - Kerala Literature - Malayala Sahithyam
The term Malayalam literature refers to Literature written in Malayalam language. Malayalam is the language spoken by around 35 million people, mainly the inhabitants of the state of Kerala and the union territory of Lakshadweep Islands in India. Malayalam is a Dravidian language and thus has close association with the other Dravidian languages, especially Tamil.Early literature
Historically, Kerala had been receptive to foreign influence and this
has had effect on the Malayalam literature also, which has evolved over
Even up to 500 years since the start of the Malayalam calendar,
the Malayalam literature remained in preliminary stage. During this
time, Malayalam literature consisted mainly of various genres of songs.
The most prominent among them were songs praising the Goddesses of the
land, ballads of brave warriors, songs related to the work of a
particular caste and those which were used for entertainment. Bhardakali
pattu, thottam pattu, mavaratham pattu, sasthanga pattu, nizhalkoothu
pattu, sarpa pattu, sastham pattu, thiyyattu pattu, pulluvar pattu,
mannar pattu, panar pattu, krishi pattu, thamburan pattu, pada pattu,
villadichan pattu, onappttu, kummi and lullaby were some of the major
subgenres. All these names were not used historically, but are used in
modern times to describe the song genres of at that time.
Ramacharitham is a collection of poems written at the end of
Notable Malayalam writers
preliminary stage in Malayalam literature's evolution. It is the oldest
Malayalam book available. The collection has 1814 poems in it.
Ramachritham mainly consists of stories from Yuddha Kanda of Ramayana.
It is written by a poet named Cheeramakavi, who according to poet Ulloor S. Parameshwaya Aiyer was Sree Veerarama Varman, a king of Travancore from AD 1195 to 1208. Some other experts like Dr. K.M. George and P.V. Krishnan Nair claim
that the origin of the book is in north Kerala citing the use of certain
words in the book and also the fact that the manuscript of the book was
actually recovered from Neeleshwaram in north Kerala. Some experts consider it as a Tamil literary piece. According to A. R.
Rajaraja Varma who heavily contributed in the development of Malayalam
grammar, is of the opinion that Malayalam originated from ancient Tamil.
Ramacharitham is considered as a book written during the forming years
of Malayalam. According to Rev. Dr. Hermann Gundert who compiled the first dictionary in Malayalam language, Ramacharitham shows the ancient of Malayalam language.
The field of Malayalam writers include the following people, from various disciplines and periods.
Guru Māni Mādhava Chākyār
, author of the Nātyakalpadrumam
ManipravalamChampukkalSandesakavyamNiranam poetsCherusseri NamboothiriThunchaththu EzhuthachanPoonthanam NamboothiriArnos Paathiri
(1681-1732)Kottayathu ThampuranUnnayi WarrierKunchan Nambiar
(1705-1770)Irayimman ThampiKerala Varma Valiya KoyithampuranKattakayam Cherian Mappillai
(1859-1936)K. C. Kesava Pillai
(1873-1924)Ulloor S Parameswara Iyer
(1877-1949)Vallathol Narayana Menon
Kuttippurathu Kesavan Nair
(1883-1959)Nalappat Narayana Menon
(1887-1955)Edappalli Raghavan Pillai
(1909-1936)Changampuzha Krishna Pillai
(1911-1948)P. Kunhiraman Nair
(1906-1978)Balamani AmmaKadathanattu Madhavi AmmaVennikkulam Gopala KurupMary John KoothattukulamMaryJohn Thottam (Sr. Mary Benigna)
(1899-1985)Pala Narayanan NairM.P.AppanNalankal Krishna PillaiEdayaranmula K.M.VargheseAmsi narayana PillaiBodheswaran
Other modern poets
G. Sankara Kurup
(1900-1978)Vyloppilli Sreedhara Menon
(1911-1985)Edasseri Govindan NairN. V. Krishna WarrierThirunalloor KarunakaranVayalar RamavarmaO. N. V. KurupPuthusseri RamachandranPunaloor BalanAkkithamOlappamanna Subramanian NamboothirippadSugathakumariG.Kumara pillaiV.T.KumaranM. GovindanN. N. KakkadK. Ayyappa PanickerKadammanitta RamakrishnanAttoor Ravi Varma
M. N. PaloorT.R.SreenivasSatchidanandanLalitha LeninVishnunarayanan NamboothiriP.T.AbdurahmanD. VinayachandranKureepuzha SrekumarBalachandran ChullikkaduMadhavan AyyappathA. AyyappanDesamangalam RamakrishnanNellikkal MuraleedharanV Madhusoodanan NairAttoor Ravi Varma
Adiyeri GangadharanAnvar AliAnitha ThampiN. P. ChandrasekharanA. C. SreehariK. R. TonyManoj KuroorMohanakrishnan KaladiM.S. BaneshM. B. ManojO.P.SureshPavithran TheekkuniP. RamanP. A. NasimudinP. P. RamachandranRavunnyRose MaryRoopesh PaulRafeeq AhammadS. JosephSebastian (Kodungalloor)Syam SudhakarT. P. RajeevanV. M. GirijaVeerankuttyMurukan KatakadaRoshniswapnaUltappa GadhanathanKavitha BalakrishnanVinukrishnanKattakada MuruganSatyan MadakkaraRoshni Swapnasabushanmughom
O. Chandhu Menon
(1847-1900)C. V. Raman Pillai
(1858-1922)Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar
|Modern Asian literature|
Karur Neelakanta Pillai (1898-1974)P. Kesava Dev (1904-1983)Vaikom Muhammad Basheer (1908-1994)Ponkunnam Varkey (1908-2004)S. K. Pottekkatt (1913-1982)Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai (1914 -1999)Uroob (1915-1979)Lalithambika Antharjanam (1909-1987)Malayatoor Ramakrishnan (1927-1997)K. Saraswathi Amma (1919-1974)P. K. Balakrishnan (1926-1991)V. K. N. (1932-2004)O. V. Vijayan (1930-2005)Parappurath (K.E. Mathai)Vaikom Chandrasekharan NairK.SurendranPattathuvila KarunakaranM. MukundanP. Padmarajan (1945-1991)ZachariaN. PrabhakaranM. T. Vasudevan NairT. PadmanabhanKamala Surayya (Madhavikkutti, Kamala Das)AnandN. S. MadhavanN. P. MohammedKovilanM. P. Narayana PillaiGeorge OnakkurE. HarikumarC. RadhakrishnanJoy J. KaimaparambanNalini BakelBabu KuzhimattamBenyaminP.J.J. AntonyGeorge Thazhakara
G. R. IndugopanT. P. VenugopalanPradeep
SumangalaNandanar a.k.a P C GopalanG.S.UnnikrishnanSippy PallipuramSreepadam Eswaran NampoothiriShebalyP.I.Sankara NarayananThulasi KottuckalL.I.Justin Raj
SanjayanS. Guptan NairSukumar Azhikode
Joseph Mundasseri (1901–1977)Kesari Balakrishna Pillai (1889–1960)Kuttikrishna Marar (1900–1973)M. P. Paul (1904–1952)K.DamodaranS. Guptan NairM. Krishnan NairM. N. VijayanK. M. DanielK. Raghavan PillaiSukumar AzhikodeDr.K.M.TharakanM.Krishnan NairK. P. AppanNarendra PrasadK. GopalakrishnanV. C. SreejanVengayil Kunhiraman NayanarDr.K.V.Thomas
N.K. DamodaranM.N. SathyaardhiPuthuppally RaghavanM.K.KumaranV.BalakrishnanLeela DeviRavivarmaLeela SarkarV.D. Krishnan NambiarNileena AbrahamKunjunni VenkidanguVenu MaruthayiGopalakrishnanOmanaM.P. SadasivanDr. K.V. Thomas
JyesthadevanRev. Dr. Hermann GundertKottarathil SankunniKrishna chaithanya (K.Krishnan Nair)
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