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Duronto Express - Duranto Express
Rail, Train

Duronto (Bengali: দুরন্ত; "quick") Express trains are a set of specialized rail services by Indian Railways like Rajdhani Express and Shatabdi Express trains. These are the non-stop point to point rail services introduced for the second time in the history of India. The Sampark Kranti trains being the first which were introduced during the railway budget by the then rail minister Mr. Nitesh Kumar during 2004-2005. However due to poor patronage, these trains which anyway had only technical halts were given commercial stops.

These services connect the metros and major state capitals of India. Introduced in the Indian Rail Budget 2009-10, these trains run non-stop from source and destinations with some technical and crew halts in the journey. The Duronto express trains are projected to be the fastest trains in India.

Background

Further information: High-speed rail in India and Fastest trains in India
The Rajdhani Express train

The fastest train in India is the Bhopal Shatabdi Express which runs at a maximum speed of 150 km/hr. But the Ministry of Railways (India) wanted to introduce the service of high speed rail in India.In 2007, the ministry, choose the 500-kilometre stretch between Delhi and Amritsar for a pre-feasibility study. The cost for setting up the Delhi-Amritsar corridor is estimated to be around Rs 25,000 crore.On 19 January 2009, the former Railway Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav said that his ministry was in the process of appointing global consultants for introducing the high-speed trains on certain routes.Besides the Delhi-Amritsar route, Pune-Mumbai-Ahmedabad, Hyderabad-Dornakal-Vijaywada-Chennai, Chennai-Bangalore-Coimbatore-Ernakulam and Howrah-Haldia. But, this High Speed rail service for India is expected to be completed on a long run. Meanwhile,[6] the new Railway minister of India, Mamata Banerjee announced the introduction of the reasonably high speed rail service, Duronto, in the Indian Rail budget 2009-10.

Serving Destinations

The Duronto trains are to ply between the Metro Cities of India. During the inaugural announcement of these services in the Railway Budget 2009-10 (made on 3 July 2009), 12 weekly, bi-weekly and tri-weekly Duronto trains[8] were announced. In the next rail budget of 24 February 2010, ten more Duronto were announced. They are projected to enter service within a year of their announcement:

* New Delhi - Lucknow (2271, 2272) (Tri-weekly)
* New Delhi - Allahabad (2275 U,2276 D)(Tri-weekly)
* New Delhi - Sealdah (2260 U, 2259 D) (Bi-weekly) Inaugurated by Rly. Minister on 18 September 2009
* Hazrat Nizamuddin - Chennai Central (2270 U, 2269 D) (Bi-weekly) Inaugurated by Home Minister of India on 21 September 2009
* Hazrat Nizamuddin - Pune (2264 U, 2263 D) (Bi-weekly) Inaugurated on 29 September 2009
* Mumbai - Howrah Junction (2261 U, 2262 D) (Bi-weekly) Inaugurated on 28 September 2009
* Mumbai - Ahmedabad (2267 U, 2268 D) (Tri-weekly) Inaugurated on 24 December 2009 by Ashok Chavan (the chief minister of Maharashtra)
* Mumbai - Nagpur (2289 U, 2290 D)
* Howrah - Yesvantapur (2245 U, 2246 D) (Weekly) Inaugurated on 3 January 2010 by Union Minister of State for Railway, Shri K H Muniyappa.
* Ernakulam - Hazrat Nizamuddin (2283 U, 2284 D) (Weekly) Inaugurated on 7 March 2010 by Union Minister of State for Railway, Shri E Ahamed.
* Secunderabad Junction- Hazrat Nizamuddin (2285 U, 2286 D) (Bi-weekly) Inaugurated on 14 March 2010[13]
* New Delhi - Howrah Junction (Bi-weekly)
* New Delhi - Bhubaneshwar (2281 U, 2282 D) (Weekly)
* Delhi Sarai Rohilla-Jammu Tawi (2265 U, 2266D) (Tri-weekly)
* New Delhi - Ernakulam (2283 U, 2284 D)(Weekly)

Proposed

1. Indore - Mumbai Central Indore Duronto (Bi-weekly)
2. Yeshwantpur (Bangalore) - Delhi (AC) (Weekly)
3. Mumbai-Secunderabad AC (Bi-weekly)
4. Pune –Howrah AC (Bi- weekly)
5. Mumbai-Ernakulam AC (Bi-weekly)
6. Jaipur-Mumbai AC (Bi-weekly)
7. Chandigarh - Amritsar
8. Puri - Howrah
9. Howrah- Digha
10. Chennai-Coimbatore ( Except Tuesdays)

Controversies

Due to strong protest lodged by the MPs from the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh[15] for the negligence of their state in allotting the Duronto services, the Union Railway Minister, Mamata Banerjee (as of 2009) made an announcement of two more Duronto Services.

Passenger Services

With five different classes of accommodation, the Duronto trains would provide more passenger facilities than any other train service on Indian Railways. The livery of these trains is painted splashes of colors. The color scheme show's greenery with runner's legs in blue. A pantry car would also be provided in the train where the cost of the meal is included in the ticket.

Fare

The fares for the Duronto trains are less than other prestigious super fast rail services such as the Rajdhani Express which ply the same routes. The fare in the new "Economy" AC 3-tier class (similar to that of Garib Rath Express) of the Duronto is Rs.50 less than the fares of the standard AC 3-tier class.[18] The fares include food and catering costs.

The AC3 tier economy class introduced Side Middle Berths (SM), increasing the capacity of each coach from 72 to 81 passengers. This enables the trains to carry more passengers and consequently reduce waiting lists on these busy routes. However, the class was discontinued from the New Delhi-Sealdah Duronto Express after passenger protests.
[edit] Efficiency and Speed

The Duronto Expresses are one of the fastest trains in India. These trains run faster than Rajdhani Express trains which hold the record of the fastest long-distance trains in India.This has been made possible as these trains, unlike the Rajdhani Express, will have no intermediate stoppages and run in much the same speed clocked by Rajdhani.For example, the new bi-weekly non-stop train between New Delhi and Sealdah will take 16 hours to cover the journey, as against 17 hours taken by Rajdhani Express.The trains will, however, have technical stoppages at a few stations for facilitating staff and loco change but the transit time will come down drastically.The trains will adhere to the speed limit of 140 kmph {non stop}. The Chennai Duronto is projected to run at a speed of 130 kmph.

On board Amenities

The Duronto services would consist of five classes[18] of accommodation namely First AC, Two-tier AC, Three-tier AC, Economy Three-tier AC (similar to that of Garib Rath Express) and Non AC Sleeper Class (Available in Mumbai-Nagpur Duronto, Secunderabad New Delhi Duranto and Howrah-Yeshwantapur Duronto). The Rakes comprise ICF coaches used in the Rajdhanis and Garib Raths earlier.Each Duronto coach is 24 metres long, compared to the regular coach length of 22.3 metres. The distance between coaches is less too - 460 mm instead of the regular 960 mm.

Besides unique safety and hygiene features like dustbins and fire extinguishers, the coaches have sleeker designs for bottle holders and switches, mobile charging points, sliding transparent doors between coaches, and LED night lamps instead of regular fluorescent lights.

The train is built of stainless steel (which makes the coaches lighter by about two tonnes each), which is lighter, anti-corrosive and more durable than the conventional 'cotton steel'. An important safety feature is the central buffer couplers whose enhanced load capacity makes the train derailment-proof. [url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duronto_Express]More >>[/url]

Source : Wikipedia.org
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Profile : Duronto Express trains are a set of specialized rail services by Indian Railways like Rajdhani Express and Shatabdi Express trains. These are the non-stop point to point rail services introduced for the second time in the history of India. The Sampark Kranti trains.. more
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